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Home > Cultural > History > Chronology > 1902 to 1950

Oregon History: Chronology - 1902 to 1950



1902 Crater Lake National Park opens
Congress passes Federal Reclamation Act
Voters amend Constitution for Initiative and Referendum, allowing citizens to propose new laws and constitutional amendments
1903 Heppner Flood kills 225 people
First Voters' Pamphlet published
1904 Direct primary law passes
First African-American, George Hardin, named officer in Portland Police Bureau
1905 Lewis & Clark Centennial Exposition commemorates the 100th anniversary of the Lewis and Clark Exposition
Klamath Irrigation Project commences
Oregon land fraud trials pursue wrongdoers
1906 City home rule law approved allowing extensive city lawmaking authority
Indictment by grand jury law approved
Taxes begin on telephone, telegraph and railroads
First meeting of Association of Oregon Counties
1907 President Theodore Roosevelt creates "Midnight Reserves" setting aside millions of acres of national forests
1908 Constitution amended for Recall provision
First woman, Lola Baldwin, named head of Women's Division, Portland Police
1909 State's Central Fish Hatchery opens at Bonneville
Oregon Caves National Monument created
Pendleton Round-Up begins
Congress passes Enlarged Homestead Act
1910 U.S. Census enumerates 672,765 residents
Three-fourths verdict in civil cases approved
Employers' Liability Act approved
1911 Columbia River Gorge Highway construction begins
First U.S. primary elections held in Oregon
Oregon Trunk Railroad completes line to Bend
1912 Women's suffrage approved
Prohibition of private convict labor approved
Eight-hour day on public works approved
  First U.S. minimum wage law approved
1913 Oregon Highway Commission established
Presidential preference primary law approved
Governor Oswald West declares beaches open to public
1914 Death penalty abolished
Prohibition approved
Eight-hour day approved for women
Congress revests O & C Railroad land grant
  Legislature requires publication of Oregon Blue Book
1916 Workmen complete Celilo Locks and Canal
Congress passes Stock-Raising Homestead Act
1917 University of Oregon football team beats Pennsylvania to win the third Rose Bowl game
  U.S. Army Spruce Production Division begins logging
1918 Influenza pandemic kills hundreds
Emergency Fleet Corporation contracts for ships
Oregonians enlist to serve in World War I
1919 First gasoline tax in U.S. authorized to fund highways
Congress revests Coos Bay Wagon Road land grant
1920 Death penalty reinstated
Oregon League of Women Voters founded
U.S. Census enumerates 783,389 residents
1921 Ku Klux Klan organizes chapters
1922 First state park opened by Oregon Highway Commission south of Monmouth, named for Sarah Helmick
Compulsory School Act approved outlawing private and parochial schools and requiring children aged 8 to 18 to attend public school
First African-American woman, Beatrice Cannady, graduates from Lewis & Clark Law School
Japanese American Citizens' League founded
1923 Alien Land Law approved preventing first generation Japanese Americans from owning or leasing land
Alien Business Restriction Law approved denying business licenses to first generation Japanese Americans
Prohibition of sectarian garb in schools approved
Alien Business Restriction Law approved
1924 Compulsory School Act held unconstitutional
Congress extends citizenship to Native Americans
Clarke-McNary Act aids federal-state forest fire protection
1925 State parks and waysides authorized
League of Oregon Cities founded
1926 Fishwheels abolished
Astor Column completed
Exclusion of African-Americans clause removed from Constitution
1929 State Park Commission created
1930 Vale Irrigation Project begins water delivery
U.S. Census enumerates 953,786 residents
First woman, Mary Jane Spurlin, appointed judge in Oregon to Multnomah County District Court
1933 Tillamook Burn destroys 240,000 acres of forest
Civilian Conservation Corps and Works Projects Administration start projects
1934 First grazing district under Taylor Grazing Act forms at Bonanza
1935 Congress authorizes Bonneville Dam
Fire destroys State Capitol
1936 Bandon Fire destroys town, 11 residents die
Work completed on five major bridges on Highway 101
First woman, Nan Wood Honeyman, elected from Oregon to U.S. House of Representatives
1937 President Franklin D. Roosevelt dedicates Timberline Lodge and Bonneville Dam
Gas chamber built for capital punishments
Oregon Shakespeare Festival forms in Ashland
Congress creates Bonneville Power Administration
Bankhead-Jones Act authorizes buy out of homesteaders
1938 544 Report for Willamette flood control approved
Bonneville Dam completed
1939 University of Oregon wins first NCAA Men’s Basketball Championship
  Tillamook Burn destroys 190,000 acres of forest
State capitol completed in Salem
1940 U.S. Census enumerates 1,089,684 residents
1941 Oregonians enlist to serve in World War II
1942 Executive Order 9066 authorizes removal of Japanese-Americans to internment camps
Japanese submarine shells Fort Stevens
Siskiyou National Forest firebombed by Japanese
U.S. Army builds Camp Adair and Camp Abbot
U.S. Navy builds Tillamook and Tongue Point Naval Air Stations
Vanport founded to house wartime workers
1945 Six Oregonians die in explosion of Japanese incendiary balloon
Tillamook Burn destroys 180,000 acres of forest
Supplement to 1923 Alien Land Law passes
1946 Portland State University (PSU) founded
Rural School Law encourages consolidation of districts
1947 Plane crash kills Governor Snell, Secretary of State Farrell, and others
1948 Columbia River Flood destroys Vanport in hours
  Vollum and Murdock found Tektronix
1949 State Department of Forestry begins replanting Tillamook Burn
  Fair Labor Practices Commission established
  State Supreme Court invalidates 1923 and 1945 Alien Land acts
  First woman, Dorothy McCullough Lee, elected Portland mayor
1950 U.S. Census enumerates 1,521,341 residents