Oregon Almanac: Skiing to Waterfalls, Highest
Anthony Lakes, near Union
Mt. Ashland, near Ashland
Mt. Bachelor, near Bend
Mt. Bailey snowcat skiing, near Diamond Lake
Cooper Spur, at Mt. Hood
Ferguson Ridge, near Joseph
Hoodoo, near Sisters
Mt. Hood Meadows, at Mt. Hood
SkiBowl, at Mt. Hood
Spout Springs, near Elgin
Summit, at Government Camp
Timberline, at Mt. Hood
Warner Canyon, near Lakeview
Willamette Pass, near Oakridge
Wing Ridge in the Wallowas
Cross Country Skiing
National Forests: Deschutes, Fremont-Winema, Malheur, Mt. Hood, Ochoco, Rogue River-Siskiyou, Umatilla, Umpqua, Wallowa-Whitman, Willamette. Also, Crater Lake National Park and Hell’s Canyon National Recreation Area.
The Legislature designated Jory soil as Oregon’s state soil by concurrent resolution in 2011. The Jory soil is distinguished by its brick-red, clayish nature as it has developed on old volcanic rocks through thousands of years of weathering. It is estimated to exist on more than 300,000 acres of western Oregon hillsides and is named after Jory Hill in Marion County.
Jory soil supports forest vegetation such as Douglas fir and Oregon white oak. Many areas with the soil have been cleared and are now used for agriculture. Jory soil, coupled with the Willamette Valley climate, provides an ideal setting for various crops, including wine grapes, wheat, Christmas trees, berries, hazelnuts and grass seed.
J. A. Buchanan of Astoria and Henry B. Murtagh of Portland wrote “Oregon, My Oregon,” in 1920. With this song, Buchanan and Murtagh won a statewide competition sponsored by the Society of Oregon Composers, gaining statewide recognition. The song became the Oregon state song in 1927. View sheet music | Listen to sound file
Also see related learning resource.
Standard of Time
The standard time zones were established by Congress in 1918. Oregon lies within the Pacific Standard Time zone with the exception of most of Malheur County along the Idaho border, which is on Mountain Standard Time. Daylight Saving Time is in effect from March through November.
Clocks “spring forward” one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday of March: 3/12/17, 3/11/18, 3/10/19.
Clocks “fall back” one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday of November: 11/5/17, 11/4/18, 11/3/19.
Temperatures, Records and Averages
Highest: 119°F on July 29, 1898, in Pendleton and on August 10, 1898, in Prineville
Lowest: -54°F on February 9, 1933, in Ukiah (50 miles south of Pendleton) and on February 10, 1933, in Seneca (105 miles southwest of Baker City)
Average January/July Temperatures:
Burns January 24.8°F/July 66.6°F
Grants Pass January 40.9°F/July 71.8°F
Newport January 45.7°F/July 57.9°F
Redmond January 32.7°F/July 65.9°F
Salem January 41.2°F/July 67.6°F
The Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), named for David Douglas, a 19th century Scottish botanist, was designated the Oregon state tree in 1939. Great strength, stiffness and moderate weight make it an invaluable timber product said to be stronger than concrete. Averaging up to 200' in height and six feet in diameter, heights of 325' and diameters of 15' can also be found.
Also see related learning resource.
American Chestnut (Castanea dentata): 106' tall, 219" circumference, Multnomah County
Baker Cypress (Cupressus bakeri): 98' tall, 107" circumference, Josephine County, Rogue River National Forest
Bigleaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum): 119' tall, 463" circumference, Lane County
Bitter Cherry (Prunus emarginata): 83' tall, 35" circumference, Marion County
Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera): 154' tall, 348" circumference, Marion County
Black Walnut (Juglans nigra): 112' tall, 312" circumference, Multnomah County
California Laurel (Umbellularia californica): 101' tall, 601" circumference, Curry County
Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii): 327' tall, 444" circumference, Coos County
English Oak (Quercus robur): 69' tall, 156" circumference, Polk County
Giant Chinkapin (Chrysolepis chrysophylla): 106' tall, 182" circumference, Douglas County
Incense Cedar (Calocedrus decurrens): 138' tall, 484" circumference, Josephine County
Knobcone Pine (Pinus attenuate): 117' tall, 118" circumference, Josephine County
Monterey Pine (Pinus radiata): 94' tall, 234" circumference, Coos County
Noble Fir (Abies procera): 216' tall, 252" circumference, Linn County
Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia): 81' tall, 285" circumference, Multnomah County
Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana): 97' tall, 288" circumference, Multnomah County
Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii): 61' tall, 150" circumference, Multnomah County
Pacific Willow (Salix lucida): 70' tall, 102" circumference, Washington County
Ponderosa Pine (Pinus Ponderosa): 167’ tall, 348” circumference, Deschutes County
Port Orford Cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana): 242' tall, 522" circumference, Coos County, Siskiyou National Forest
Sugar Pine (Pinus lambertiana): 255' tall, 290" circumference, Douglas County
Tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus): 135' tall, 303" circumference, Curry County
White Alder (Alnus rhombifolia): 91' tall, 151" circumference, Polk County
Multnomah Falls - 620'