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Home > Facts > Almanac > Skiing to Waterfalls, Highest

Oregon Almanac: Skiing to Waterfalls, Highest

Skiers have challenged Oregon's slopes for decades. Above, Miss Billie Simpson shows off circa 1937 ski fashions on Mt. Hood. (OHD photo no. G395)

Skiers have challenged Oregon's slopes for decades. Above, Miss Billie Simpson shows off circa 1937 ski fashions on Mt. Hood. (OHD photo no. G395)

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Skiing
Delta Downhill Skiing
Anthony Lakes, near Union
Mt. Ashland, near Ashland
Mt. Bachelor, near Bend
Mt. Bailey snowcat skiing, near Diamond Lake
Cooper Spur, at Mt. Hood
Ferguson Ridge, near Joseph
Hoodoo, near Sisters
Mt. Hood Meadows, at Mt. Hood
SkiBowl, at Mt. Hood
Spout Springs, near Elgin
Summit, at Government Camp
Timberline, at Mt. Hood
Warner Canyon, near Lakeview
Willamette Pass, near Oakridge

Wing Ridge in the Wallowas

 

Delta Cross Country Skiing
National Forests: Deschutes, Fremont-Winema, Malheur, Mt. Hood, Ochoco, Rogue River-Siskiyou, Umatilla, Umpqua, Wallowa-Whitman, Willamette. Also, Crater Lake National Park and Hell’s Canyon National
Recreation Area.

 

Soil, State

The Legislature designated Jory soil as the Oregon state soil by concurrent resolution in 2011. The Jory soil is distinguished by its brick-red, clayish nature as it has developed on old volcanic rocks through thousands of years of weathering. It is estimated to exist on more than 300,000 acres of western Oregon hillsides and is named after Jory Hill in Marion County.

 

Jory soil supports forest vegetation such as Douglas fir and Oregon white oak. Many areas with the soil have been cleared and are now used for agriculture. Jory soil, coupled with the Willamette Valley climate, provides an ideal setting for various crops, including wine grapes, wheat, Christmas trees, berries, hazelnuts and grass seed.

 

Oregon designated "Oregon, My Oregon" as the official state song in 1927, seven years after two Oregonians wrote it.

Oregon designated "Oregon, My Oregon" as the official state song in 1927, seven years after two Oregonians wrote it.

View sheet music

Listen to sound file

 

Song, State
J. A. Buchanan of Astoria and Henry B. Murtagh of Portland wrote “Oregon, My Oregon,” in 1920. With this song, Buchanan and Murtagh won a statewide competition sponsored by the Society of Oregon Composers, gaining statewide recognition. The song became the Oregon state song in 1927. View sheet music | Listen to sound file

 

Also see related learning resource.

 

Standard of Time
The standard time zones were established by Congress in 1918. Oregon lies within the Pacific Standard Time zone with the exception of most of Malheur County along the Idaho border, which is on Mountain Standard Time.


The 2005 Energy Policy Act changed Pacific Daylight Saving Time to begin earlier and end later starting in 2007.


Clocks “spring forward” one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the second Sunday of March: 3/8/15, 3/13/16, 3/12/17.


Clocks “fall back” one hour at 2:00 a.m. on the first Sunday of November: 11/1/15, 11/6/16, 11/5/17.

 

The Douglas-fir is Oregon's state tree and has played a key role in the economy of western Oregon. (Oregon State Archives image)

The Douglas-fir is Oregon's state tree and has played a key role in the economy of western Oregon. (Oregon State Archives image)

Temperatures, Average Jan/July Temp.
Burns January 24.8°F/July 66.6°F
Grants Pass January 40.9°F/July 71.8°F
Newport January 45.9°F/July 58.3°F
Redmond January 32.7°F/July 65.9°F
Salem January 41.2°F/July 67.6°F

 

Temperatures, Record
Highest: 119°F on July 29, 1898 in Pendleton and on August 10, 1898 in Prineville
Lowest: -54°F on February 9, 1933 in Ukiah (50 miles south of Pendleton) and on February 10, 1933 in Seneca (105 miles southwest of Baker City)

 

Tree, State
The Douglas Fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii), named for David Douglas, a 19th century Scottish botanist, was designated the Oregon state tree in 1939. Great strength, stiffness and moderate weight make it an invaluable timber product said to be stronger than concrete. Averaging up to 200' in height and six feet in diameter, heights of 325' and diameters of 15' can also be found.

 

Also see related learning resource.

 

Trees, Large

Source: National Register of Big Trees, 2013

 

Baker Cypress (Cupressus bakeri): 98' tall, 107" circumference, Rogue River National Forest


Bigleaf Maple. (Image courtesy OFRI)

Bigleaf Maple. (Image courtesy OFRI)

Big Sagebrush (Artemisia tridentata): 15' tall, 30" circumference, Jefferson County


Bitter Cherry (Prunus emarginata): 83’ tall, 35” circumference, Marion County


Black Cottonwood (Populus balsamifera): 154’ tall, 348” circumference, Marion County


Black Walnut (Juglans nigra): 112' tall, 312" circumference, Multnomah County


Cascara Buckthorn (Rhamnus purshiana): 39' tall, 111" circumference, Curry County


Eastern Redbud (Cercis canadensis): 49’ tall, 196” circumference, Multnomah County


Giant Chinkapin (Chrysolepis chrysophylla): 106' tall, 182" circumference, Douglas County


Klamath Plum (Prunus subcordata): 21’ tall, 49” circumference, Klamath County


Knobcone Pine (Pinus attenuate): 117' tall, 118" circumference, Josephine County


Manzanita Whiteleaf (Arctostaphylos viscida): 25’ tall, 55” circumference, Josephine County


Multnomah Falls. (Oregon State Archives image)

Multnomah Falls. (Oregon State Archives image)

Oregon Ash (Fraxinus latifolia): 81' tall, 285" circumference, Portland


Oregon White Oak (Quercus garryana): 93' tall, 276" circumference, Douglas County


Pacific Bayberry (Morella californica): 24’ tall, 97” circumference, Coos County


Pacific Dogwood (Cornus nuttallii): 61' tall, 150" circumference, Multnomah County


Pacific Rhododendron (Rhododendron macrophyllum): 24' tall, 37" circumference, Lane County


Ponderosa Pine (Pinus Ponderosa): 167’ tall, 348” circumference, Deschutes County


Port Orford Cedar (Chamaecyparis lawsoniana): 242' tall, 522" circumference, Siskiyou National Forest


Tanoak (Lithocarpus densiflorus): 135' tall, 303" circumference, Curry County


Water Birch (Betula occidentalis): 38' tall, 108" circumference, Wallowa County


Western Dogwood (Cornus sericea): 26' tall, 29" circumference, Polk County


Western Serviceberry (Amelanchier alnifolia): 44’ tall, 83” circumference, Clackamas County


White Alder (Alnus rhombifolia): 91' tall, 151" circumference, Polk County

 

Waterfall, Highest

Multnomah Falls - 620'

 

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