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Home > Local > Counties > Crook County

Crook County

An old homestead on Paulina Highway at Camp Creek Road. (Oregon State Archives Photo No. croD0103)

An old homestead on Paulina Highway at Camp Creek Road. (Oregon State Archives Photo No. croD0103)

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County Seat: Courthouse, 300 NE 3rd St., Room 23, Prineville 97754
Phone: 541-447-6553 (General); 541-447-6555 (Court Administrator)
Fax: 541-416-2145


Population (2011): 20,855
Established: Oct. 24, 1882
Elev. at Prineville: 2,868'
Area: 2,991 sq. mi.
Average Temp.: January 31.8° July 64.5°
Assessed Value: $1,526,999,365
Real Market Value: $1,701,510,450
Annual Precipitation: 10.50"
Economy: Livestock, forest products, recreation, agriculture, manufacturing and wholesale trade


Crook County map

Related resources
Historical Records Inventory
Scenic Image
"County QuickFacts" (from U.S. Census Bureau)
County Seat Map (from Yahoo! Maps)
County Map (from ODOT)


Incorporated cities


Points of interest
Pine Mills, Crooked River Canyon, Ochoco Mountains, Prineville and Ochoco Reservoirs, rockhound areas, county courthouse, Steins Pillar, Wildland Firefighter’s Monument, and geological formations


History and general information
Crook County was formed from Wasco County in 1882 and named for Major General George Crook, U.S. Army. Geographically, the county is in the center of Oregon. It is unique in that it has only one incorporated population center, the city of Prineville, founded in 1868. Prineville’s colorful past was the scene of tribal raids, range wars between sheep and cattle ranchers, and vigilante justice. Other communities in this sparsely settled region are Powell Butte, Post and Paulina.


Forest products, agriculture, livestock raising and recreation/tourism services constitute most of Crook County’s economy. Thousands of hunters, fishers, boaters, sightseers and rockhounds are annual visitors to its streams, reservoirs and the Ochoco Mountains. Rockhounds can dig for agates, limb casts, jasper and thundereggs on more than 1,000 acres of mining claims provided by the Prineville Chamber of Commerce. Major annual events include the Prineville Rockhound Powwow, Crooked River Roundup, Crook County Fair, Old Fashioned Fourth of July Celebration, High Desert Celtic Festival and the Lord’s Acre Sale.


County officials
Commissioners—Seth Crawford (R) 2015, Ken Fahlgren (D) 2017, Judge Mike McCabe, chair (R) 2017; Dist. Atty. Daina Vitolins 2017; Assess. Tom Green 2015; Clerk Deanna (Dee) Berman (R) 2015; Sheriff Jim Hensley 2015; Surv. David Armstrong 2017; Treas. Kathy Gray 2017; CIO Judge Scott Cooper


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