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Home > Local > Counties > Crook County

Crook County

Storm clouds gather over Prineville Reservoir and Juniper Canyon Road.

Storm clouds gather over Prineville Reservoir and Juniper Canyon Road. (Oregon State Archives Photo)

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County Seat: Courthouse, 300 NE 3rd St., Room 23, Prineville 97754
Phone: 541-447-6553 (General); 541-447-6555 (Court Administrator)
Fax: 541-416-2145


Population (2016): 21,580
Established: Oct. 24, 1882
Elev. at Prineville: 2,868'
Area: 2,991 sq. mi.
Average Temp.: January 31.8° July 64.5°
Assessed Value: $1,951,384,613
Real Market Value: $3,779,347,532
Annual Precipitation: 10.50"
Economy: Livestock, forest products, recreation, agriculture, manufacturing and wholesale trade


Crook County map

Related resources
Historical Records Inventory
Scenic Image
"County QuickFacts" (population and economic data from U.S. Census Bureau)
County Seat Map (from Yahoo! Maps)
County Map (from ODOT)


Incorporated cities


Points of interest
Pine Mills, Crooked River Canyon, Ochoco Mountains, Prineville and Ochoco Reservoirs, rockhound areas, county courthouse, Steins Pillar, Wildland Firefighters Monument, and geological formations


History and general information
Crook County was formed from Wasco County in 1882 and named for Major General George Crook, U.S. Army. Geographically, the county is in the center of Oregon. It is unique in that it has only one incorporated population center, the city of Prineville founded in 1868. Prineville’s colorful past was the scene of tribal raids, range wars between sheep and cattle ranchers and vigilante justice. Other communities in this sparsely settled region are Powell Butte, Post and Paulina.

Forest products, agriculture, livestock raising and recreation/tourism services constitute most of Crook County’s economy. Thousands of hunters, fishers, boaters, sightseers and rockhounds are annual visitors to its streams, reservoirs and the Ochoco Mountains. Rockhounds can dig for agates, limb casts, jasper and thundereggs on more than 1,000 acres of mining claims provided by the Prineville Chamber of Commerce. Major annual events include the Prineville Rockhound Powwow, Crooked River Roundup, Crook County Fair, Old Fashioned Fourth of July Celebration, High Desert Celtic Festival and the Lord’s Acre Sale.


County officials
County Court—Judge Seth Crawford 2021, Ken Fahlgren 2021, Jerry Brummer 2021; Dist. Atty. Daina A. Vitolins 2021; Assess. Brian Huber 2019; Clerk Cheryl Seely 2019; Sheriff John Gautney 2021; Surv. Greg Kelso 2021; Treas. Kathy Gray 2021; Chief Information Officer Judge Scott Cooper


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